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Drivers Of Conflict In Kosovo

Other recommendations to address conflict drivers are: Clarification of international/local security sector competencies; increased public information on security issues. While many other radicalizing factors and vulnerabilities exist in Kosovo, the long-term psychological legacy of the Kosovo war in the late 90s remains the most salient radicalizing factor in recent years. Download the PDF Executive Summary Since the start of the Syrian conflict in 2011, estimates are that upwards of 38,000 foreign fighters have joined Sunni militant groups, such as ISIS and Source Forum for Civic Initiatives & Saferworld, 2007, 'Kosovo at the crossroads: Perceptions of conflict, access to justice and opportunities for peace in Kosovo', Forum for Civic Initiatives & Saferworld, Full http://commsolv.com/drivers-of/drivers-of-natural-resource-based-political-conflict.php

As the primary vehicles of recruitment, they have been used to seduce many Kosovars into travel to Syria, urging them to extend support to their Sunni brothers and sisters under attack Security officials and law enforcement shared that those who are known to the police would be arrested upon their return and subsequently convicted and imprisoned if deemed a threat to society. While some authors equate radicalization with terrorism, radicalization is often a precondition to terrorism,[8] while others point out that it is not always the first step toward terrorism or violence. [9] Severe lack of predictable electrical service delivery causes widespread frustration.

Government sources have also reported that it remains unclear whether those deceased had committed suicide or died in the battlefield.[19] Depending on the estimates, one hundred and seventeen (117) to one Despite strong and effective responses on the part of the Kosovo government and the international community to halt support for violent extremism and travel to Syria and Iraq, the current situation Familial Ties and Female Agency With regards to female travelers to Syria, it is noteworthy to mention that nearly all of the 44 women accompanied their spouses and did not travel There are few cultural linkages between communities, particularly between Albanian and Serb communities.

The desire for personal significance. About us GSDRC Publications Research Helpdesk E-Learning Library E-Bulletin GSDRCGovernance, social development, conflict and humanitarian knowledge servicesGovernance Democracy & elections Public sector management Security & justice Service delivery State-society relations Supporting She also serves as an online recruiter of ethnic Albanian women. While all municipalities were affected by the phenomenon of foreign fighters, the municipalities of Viti, Gjilan, Kacanik, Mitrovica, and Hani i Elezit have higher recruitment rate (on a per capita basis),

Upon finishing their training, they return to their respective communities and encourage their community members to share and discuss concerns related to their communities. forty- one percent as depicted below). Even though a number of individuals had returned by the end of 2013/early 2014—after having witnessed the harsh realities of the conflict on the ground—others started joining terrorist groups that emerged https://sipa.columbia.edu/experience-sipa/events/drivers-of-conflict-and-peace-international-conflict-resolution-practicum-presentations being groomed for travel to ISIS reported she thought she would be traveling to ISIS Disneyland if she joined.[42] When asked about his pay, one Kosovar foreigner fighter to ISIS reported

Likewise, given that the first author spent the last year interviewing ISIS defectors globally, she was quite knowledgeable about their methods of recruitment, indoctrination, networks of funding, and travel, and was While extremists in Kosovo include both men and women, the largest manifestation of them is from among the pool of those who have traveled to Syria and are predominantly male. While there is a broad, national-level discussion on violent extremism in the country, there is a limited discussion on the role of women as supporters, facilitators, and direct participants in violent The rates of return for Kosovar women are only 9% (4/44) versus 41% (113/272) for men.

Many told us in our June and October interviews of viewing videos of the regime’s atrocities towards civilians and feeling acutely sensitive to wanting to help their Syrian “Sunni brothers and sisters.” For instance, a husband went to fight in Syria. The rates of return for Kosovar women are only nine percent (4/44) versus forty-one percent (113/272) for men. ISIS also began announcing and promoting it as a place where Muslims of every race and ethnicity would be included and given significant roles, which created an unprecedented response, not only

The Kosovo Action Plan appears to be leading in that direction, even though it does not specify a priority on using females over males in many of these roles. In the case of ISIS, black and white thinking and a clear Muslim identity are promised to those who travel to live under the “Caliphate,” thereby removing any questions in those in Gjakova). In this regard, Kosovo has adopted the Law on the Prohibition of Joining Armed Conflicts Outside State Territory, which criminalizes recruitment and participation in foreign conflicts, as well as introduced strategic

  • The fourth we were unable to learn about.
  • Material benefits of joining.
  • Conclusion and Key Recommendations As discussed in the preceding sections, a number of governmental, non-governmental, and international actors and entities have already demonstrated their resolve in addressing the issue of radicalization
  • Female teachers, family members, intelligence agents, psychologists, social workers, health care workers and clerics have yet to be activated into serious prevention roles.

The ISIS ideology and social support that is provided mainly via the Internet have found resonance in Kosovo primarily in the individual vulnerabilities and motivations that include: Strong posttraumatic and “fictive Between 2013 and July 2016, upwards of 292 individuals suspected of either engaging in terrorism-related activities or for promoting religiously-driven radicalization were kept under close police surveillance. In summary, the trajectories into violent extremism and terrorism in Kosovo share commonalities with other theaters, but as research has shown in multiple other venues, the individual motivations and vulnerabilities for The first section consists of an examination of the drivers or radicalization, including radicalization leading to violent extremism, in Kosovo.

Similar to many parts of the world, there is no single explanation on the motivations that drive women to join Islamic State, which represents a challenge when it comes to seeking She ran an ISIS camp as well as serves as an online recruiter—the latter a role that we also learned was common for female foreign fighters to take inside ISIS.[51] According The news came as unfortunate considering the June 2016 prison interviews with a high-profile prisoner yielded a wealth of knowledge and information on factors influencing an individual’s decision to join and

Saltzman Professor of Professional Practice; International Conflict Resolution Specialization Director • Marc Jacquand, Senior Strategic Planning Advisor on Syria for the UN Department of Political Affairs; Adjunct Professor for the

She couldn't feed the family.” Another woman traveled with her children to ISIS to obtain a husband and living for herself and her children.[49] Female Roles in Extremist Groups ISIS and While the term radicalization is often equated with the term extremism, there are significant differences between the two. This is likely fine, as long as in actual practice a significant percentage of females are activated as well as males. Although interviews served as a primary data collection method, the authors also relied on secondary sources and secondary data analysis, including key economic, employment, social, and health factors that might have

Clarification of all international/PISG competencies and a leading PISG role in defining the needs and practices of their competencies. However, if it is not taught in this manner, Salafi streams of Islam can also provide a ready gateway into more extremist Takfiri streams of thinking and acting. Their engagement may be an expression of empowerment via a terrorist group that offered salaries to both men and women and free housing, of frustrated aspirations, desire for a positive identity, Interviews were conducted with government officials, law enforcement, members of international organizations, members of non-governmental organizations, community leaders, journalists, prosecutors, teachers, and Islamic leaders.

The ability and mastery of groups in Syria to utilize social media to vividly portray the conflicts in Syria to those living outside the conflict zone cannot be underestimated as a It should be noted, however, that not all Kosovars went to Syria and Iraq with the intention of fighting. As of mid-October 2016, the Balkan country of Kosovo had 316 confirmed cases of individuals who have traveled since 2012 to Syria and Iraq, with some joining ISIS. They may also be attracted to the notions of moral certainty, purity, and the unity of people irrespective of ethnicity, social equality, and justice that ISIS claims in its online sites